Authoritative Parenting Definition
Authoritative Parenting is a parenting style with an approach to child-rearing with high demands and high responsiveness. Authoritative parents has high expectation in the success of their children and the parents giving much support and resources to their children. Authoritative parenting usually make combinations of warmth, sensitivity, and the setting of limits. The parents who use Authoritative parenting is responsible to the child’s emotional needs while having high standards. They are more consistent in boundaries enforcement and limitation settings to their children.
Authoritative parents do use positive reinforcement and reasoning while guiding their children. It is not appropriate for authoritative style parents to use threats or punishment while educating the children.
Brief History of Authoritative Parenting
Diana Baumrind, a developmental psychologist, in 1960’s formulated three different types of parenting styles: Authorian parenting, Authoritative parenting, and Permissive parenting. Diana formulated these types of parenting based in her research with children on preschool-age.
The most well-known among the three is Authoritative parenting style. It sometimes referred to as “democratic” parenting style. Authoritative parenting offers different type of parenting which involves children-centered approach. Most of Authoritative type of parents set high expectation to their children.
Many experts agree that the authoritative parenting style is the most effective and helpful parenting styles; research suggests that parents should flexibly deploy parenting techniques based on their personal goals and the unique behaviors of each child.
Characteristics of Authoritative Parenting
Baumrind once stated that authoritative parents share some common characteristics:
- They listen to their children
- Children are allowed to express more opinions
- Parents encouraging their children to do more discussion
- They foster independence and reasoning
- They place limits, consequences, and expectations on their children’s behavior
- Parents are more likely to be more warmth and nurturing
- When rules are disobeyed by the children, they administer fair and consistent discipline
Parents of this type of parenting tend to be more flexible and set their expectations high to their children. If there are any special circumstances, they will accordingly adjust their response. They are discipline and minding all of the variables such as the child’s behavior, the situation, etc.
Effects of Authoritative Parenting
For decades, many research had shown that Authoritative parenting had successfully encourage children to be more capable, happy, and successful.
Baumrind stated that children who are raised by this parenting style:
- Able to achieve higher success
- Able to engage more in school activities
- Tend to be happier and has good emotional control
- Had good social skills
- Had great confidence to learn new abilities
- Exhibit less violent tendencies.
Examples Of Authoritative Parenting Style
Style: High responsiveness means warm. Parents also can be accepting and supportive.
Hugging, cheering and smiling are different parenting practices.
Encouraging them whenever they are down.
Listen more to your child
Style: High demanding means set high standards and high limits.
Requiring a child to do chores, get good grades and show manners are different parenting practices.
Making sure all homework are done and making consequences if they don’t.
Naturally, some parents tend to be more authoritative. You may adopt more authoritative style, even if it’s not your default. It may mean that you will have to remain mindful of your actions while you work to develop these habits.
You may see this parenting style as a balance between discipline, emotional control, and allowing independence. Do not be too harsh nor too lenient. You can let your child make more decisions. However you, as a parents, should encourage them to make some discussions with their choice. With time, attention, and flexibility to your child’s needs, this parenting method will become more natural.
References of this Authoritative Parenting Article
- Prototypical Descriptions of 3 Parenting Styles. By Diana Baumrind’s, 1966
- Child care practices anteceding three patterns of preschool behavior. By Baumrind, Diana,1967
- Effects of Authoritative Parental Control on Child Behavior, Child Development. By Baumrind, D., 1966